Play therapy is a therapeutic dynamic process between the child that explores his previous and present difficulties that influence his behavior and the therapist. At the same time, the therapy itself can be a tool for dealing with the child’s problems. The purpose of this study was to present a play therapy intervention program to adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder (ASDs) and behavior problems in developing their social-emotional-behavior skills in a school setting. In addition, the program emphasized on mobility difficulties, independence, self-care, social skills, the management of aggression and challenging behavior, as well as the recognition and managing aggression. This program illustrates a school class of 6 adolescents, 16-year-old, with ASDs and intellectual disabilities in a school setting. All students commonly have intense aggression and emotional and social skills difficulties. Information was collected by semi-structured observation reports, behavior reports, social skill reports and communication reports. The intervention program focused on anger management, independence, communication skills and emotional recognition. Free and guided play was used as well as brainstorming, role play, discussion and group therapy techniques. Furthermore, the materials we used were games, pictures, paintings, books, videos, music, cds, etc. and activities such as exercises, mobility games, imitation games, social stories, breathing and relaxation exercises, role models, etc. The program was completed in 2 years. The evaluation showed that the group was improved in communication, emotional and social skills, in school performance, self-care, communication, independence and anger management.
Kalliopi Papoutsaki, Eleni Marseli, Ioanna Papathanasiou. Play-based intervention for adolescents with autistic spectrum disorder (ASDs) and intellectual disability in a school setting: A case study. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research, Volume 7, Issue 4, 2022, Pages 24-27