International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research
Vol. 6, Issue 3 (2021)

Prevelance of drug related problems and its associated factors among schizophernic patients in psychiatric ambulatory clinic of Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, South Western, Ethiopia: A prospective cross sectional study


Gudisa Bereda, Gemechis Bereda

Background: Drug related problem is defined as any undesirable event experienced by a patient which involves, or is suspected to involve, drug therapy and that interferes with achieving the desired goals of therapy and requires professional judgment to resolve. Worldwide, schizophrenia is associated with considerable disability and may affect educational and occupational performance. The intent of this study was to ascertain prevalence and factors associated with drug related problems among schizophrenia patients in ambulatory clinic of Mettu Karl Referral Hospital. Methods: An Institution based prospective cross sectional study design was carried out from May 07 /2021 to July 19/2021. Data was collected through employing check list and semi-structured questioner, and then the collected data was coded and analyzed by statistical packages for social sciences 25.0 version statistical software. Binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify factors associated with drug therapy problems. Finally, further analyses were carried out using multivariable analysis at a significance level of p-value < 0.05. Findings: From the total 117 study subjects, 96(82.1%) of the respondents were ≥25 years. The overall incidence of drug therapy problem among schizophrenic patients in psychiatric ambulatory clinic follow up was 45(38.5%).Among seven types of drug therapy problem,11(24.4%) of the study subjects were unnecessary drug therapy followed 9(20%) of participants had in-compliance. Rural residency (AOR=2.73,95%CI=2.162- 3.428,P=0.004),duration of schizophrenia treatment 6-10 years (AOR=2.73,95% CI=1.602- 2.850,P=0.014),frequency of attending follow up appointment in every 2 month (AOR=3.85,95%CI=2.790-6.20,P=0.037), patients who had comorbidities (AOR=2.17,95%CI=1.907-3.721, P=0.001), and patients who had taken haloperidol (AOR=2.69,95%CI=1.805-4.381, P=0.009) were associated factors of the outcome(DRPs). Conclusion and Recommendation: Regarding duration of schizophrenia treatment majority of the participants taken the medication one year up to five years and had the frequency of attending follow up appointment every two months. Health care workers especially those who work at psychiatric where counsel the patients about the medication usage and disease behaviors.
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How to cite this article:
Gudisa Bereda, Gemechis Bereda. Prevelance of drug related problems and its associated factors among schizophernic patients in psychiatric ambulatory clinic of Mettu Karl Referral Hospital, South Western, Ethiopia: A prospective cross sectional study. International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research, Volume 6, Issue 3, 2021, Pages 40-45
International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research