International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research


International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research
Vol. 5, Issue 6 (2020)

सहजोबाई के सहजप्रकाश में उभरती सामाजिक धारायें


Dr. Pinki Yadav

LkgtksckbZ ds lgtizdk”k eas mHkjrh lkekftd /kkjk;sa

Dr. Pinki Yadav

Associate Professor,  Govt arts College,  Kota, Rajasthan, India

 

 

lkjka'k

e/;dkyhu lUr lgtksckbZ pj.knklh lEiznk; ls tqMh gqbZ Fkh rFkk pj.knkl th dh eq[; f”k’;k ds :i eas tkuh tkrh FkhA ;s pj.knkl lEiznk; dh fnYyh eas LFkkfir rhu vkpk;Z xnznh;ksa eas ls, d dh laLFkkid FkhA budk tUe 1782 fo- l- eas gqvk FkkA 11 o’kZ dh voLFkk eas bUgksusa lUra pj.knkl th nh{kk yh rFkk 18 o’kZ dh voLFkk eas lgtizdk”k uked xzUFk dh jpuk dhA buds le; eas fnYyh o Hkkjrh; laLÑfr fo’ke ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls fotfMr Fkh o lekt vusad n`f’V;ksa ls iru dh vkSj vxzlj FkkA lkekftd okrkj.k eas fu;eksa] ekU;rkvksa] e;kZnkvksa dk ãl o vfo”okl faglk LokFkZijrk] la?k’kZ] dke] dks/k vkfn dk mRFkku gks jgk DkkA bu ifjfLFkfr;ksa eas lgtksckbZ us vius lgtizdk”k eas tgk¡ /kkfeZd /kkjk dks izokfgr fd;k ogha lkekftd /kkjkvksa ds vUrxZr uSfrd pfj= ds mRFkku ds }kjk vknf”kZr lekt dh LFkkiuk dks cy fn;k o lkekftd cqjkbZ;ksa dk fojks/k fd;kA bUgksusa lkekftd lekurk dks Lohdkj rFkk lekt eas lRlax o lk/kq dh efgek dks LFkkfir djus dk iz;kl fd;kA

 

ewy 'kCn: LkgtksckbZ] lgtizdk”k] lkekftd /kkjk;sa

 

 

izLrkouk

e/;dkyhu lUr lgtksckbZ pj.knklh lEiznk; ls tqM+h gq;h Fkh rFkk pj.knklh lEiznk; dh LFkkiuk lUr pj.knkl th }kjk 1719 bZ- esa “kqØ lEiznk; ds :Ik esa dh x;h Fkh vkxs pydj buds f”k’;ksa }kjk “kqØ lEiznk; pj.knklh lEiznk; esa ifjofrZr dj fn;k x;kA pj.knkl th ds le; esa gh bl lEiznk; dh Hkkjr ds fofHkUu {ks=ksa esa 108 xn~nh;ka LFkkfir dj nh x;h FkhA1 buesa ls fnYyh esa LFkkfir rhu vkpk;Z xn~nh;ksa esa ls ,d xn~nh dh laLFkkid lUr lgtksckbZ FkhA dqN yksx lUr lgtksckbZ dks pj.knkl th dh eq[; f”k’;k ds :Ik esa ekurs gS rFkk mUgs pj.knklh lEiznk; dh ,d eq[; dMh ekurs gSA lgtksckbZ dk tUe Jko.k “kqDy iapeh dks 1725 bZ ¼1782 fo-l-½ esa fnYyh ds ijhf{kriqjk esa gqvk FkkA2

11 o’kZ dh voLFkk esa bUgksaus lUr pj.knkl th ls nh{kk xzg.k dh3 rFkk pj.knkl th us bUgsa v’Vkax ;ksx] uo/kk HkfDr dk Kkrk cukdj ;ksxkH;kl djok;k o 5 o’kZ rd v[k.M lekf/k yxkus dh “kfDr dk Kku djok;k ftls izkIr djds lgtksckbZ f=dky cu xbZA4 pj.knkl th ds thoudky esa gh bUgksaus lEiznk; o lekt esa viuk vyx LFkku cuk fy;k FkkA5 tsEl gsfLVaxt us Hkh budh miyfC/k;ksa ds vk/kkj ij budks pj.knkl th ds f”k’;ksa esa lokZf/kd lEekuh; crk;k gSA lgtksckbZ dks fnYyh dh ehjkckbZ dgk tkrk gS D;ksafd bUgksaus Hkh ehjk dh rjg jk/kkd`’.k dh ;qxyksikluk dj ,oa Jh d`’.k dks fuxqZ.k fujkdj dk lxq.k lkdkj :Ik Lohdkj djrs gq, viuk leiZ.k dj fn;kA7 18 o’kZ dh voLFkk esa bUgksaus lgtizdk”k uked xzUFk dh jpuk dh ftlesa HkfDr lEcfU/k nksgksa dk viwoZ laxzg gSA

 

mís”;

bl “kks/k i= dk mís”; lgtksckbZ ds xzUFk lgt izdk”k esa lekfgr lkekftd fopkjksa dks lkeus ykuk gS D;ksafd vc rd ;gh ekuk tkrk gS fd budk ;g xzUFk /kkfeZd xzUFk gS ftlesa d`’.k HkfDr ds lxq.k o fuxqZ.k Hkko] xq: dh efgek] oSjkX; miktZu vkfn dks O;Dr fd;k gSA8

blesa bUgksaus xq:HkfDr dks HkfDr esa loksZifj ekurs gq, xq: dh efgek dk c[kku fd;k gS o xq: dks Hkxoku ls Åij LFkkfir fd;k gSaA blds lkFk gh vius /kkfeZd fopkjksa esa oSjkX; miktZu] iwoZ tUe fooj.k] mOifrej.k] d`’.k HkfDr ds lxq.k o fuxqZ.k Hkko dh vfHkO;fDr dks O;Dr fd;k gSA 8 ysfdu ;gk¡ ,d mYys[kuh; rF; ;g Hkh gS fd lgtksckbZ us tgk¡ /keZ dks egRo fn;k gS ogha mUgksaus lekt dks Hkh ;Fkk;ksX; LFkku nsrs gq, rkRdkfyd lekftd cqjkbZ;ksa dk dMk fojks/k fd;k gSA bUgksaus Lkekt ds nwf’kr okrkoj.k dh gh fuUnk ugha fd vfirq lekt dh cqjkbZ;ksa ds dkj.kksa dk Hkh mYys[k fd;k gS rFkk bu dkj.kksa dks nwj djus ds mik; o yksxksa dks lekt ds izfr drZO;fu’B lpsr djrs gq, lekt lq/kkjus ij cy fn;k gSA9 vr% bl “kks/ki= dk eq[; mís”; lgt izdk”k izokfgr o lekfgr lkekftd /kkjkvksa dks O;Dr djuk gSA

 

eq[; fcUnq% bl “kks/k i= ds eq[; fcUnq lgtksckbZ ds le; esa rRdkfyd lkekftd fLFkfr] lgtksckbZ }kjk ik[k.Mksa dk vius nksgksa o ok.kh ds ek/;e ls fojks/k] lkekftd lekurk ij cy] lkekftd nks’k ds dkj.kksa dk mYys[k tSls lR; vlR; dk cks/k uk gksuk] r`’.kk ls xzf’kr gksuk] lekt ds lEcU/kksa dks LFkk;h le>uk vkfn] lekt lq/kkj ds fy, lRlax ij tksj] lRlax esa o lekt lq/kkj esa lk/kq dh mi;ksfxrk o lekt lq/kkj esa xq: dh egRrk vkfn gSA

lgtksckbZ ds le; esa rkRdkfyd lekt fo’ke ifjfLFkfr;ksa ls fotfMr o vusd n`f’V;ksa ls iru dh vkSj vxzlj FkkA lkekftd ewY;ksa] vkn”kksZ] rF;ksa] mís”;ksa vkfn esa fujUrj fxjkoV vk jgh Fkh o ckSf)d /kjkry uhsps fxjrk tk jgk FkkA10 rRdkyhu ekuo ghu eukso`fÙk;ks esa layXu Fkk o naHk] vgadkj pkfjf=d iru] /ku izfrokn vlR;] lEHkk’k.k vkfn dh Hkkouk fodflr gks jgh FkhA11 yksxksa dh dFkuh djuh esa lkE; ugha Fkk12 rFkk vketu :f<oknh] vU/kfo”oklh] iqjkruoknh o`fÙk;ksa ls O;kfIr FkkA lkekftd okrkoj.k esa fu;eksa] ekU;rkvksa] e;kZnkvksa dk ãl gks jgk Fkk o vfo”okl] fgalk] LokFkZojrk] la?kZ’k] dke] Øks/k yksHk] eksg vkfn dk mRFkku gks jgk FkkA13 jktuhfrd o lkekftd ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk lEcU/k vU;ksukfJr gksrk gS os ,d ds iruksUeq[k&eq[k gksus ij nwljs dk iru gksuk LokHkkfod o vfuok;Z gksrk gSA14 bl le; jktuhfrd ifjfLFkfr;ksa dk lekt ij lh/kk izHkko iMk Fkk] jktnjckjksa dk O;kid izHkko lekt ij vafdr Fkk rFkk lkekU; turk “kks’k.k dk f”kdkj Fkh o vf/kdkjh o mPp oxZ ckgjh izn”kZu dks izfr’Bk dk ekin.M eku jgs FksA15 bl dky ds lwQh lURk lkbZ cqYys”kkg us bl le; ds lkekftd fLFkfr dk ;Fkksfpr o.kZu fd;k gSA16

bu foijhr ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa lgtksckbZ us lgtizdk”k esa Li’Vokfnrk viukrs gq, lekt dh cqjkbZ dks u dsoy crk;k vfirq mldk fojks/k dj lq/kkjus ij cy fn;kA lkekftd lekurk ij mUgksus Li’V :Ik ls lekurk ij cy fn;k vkSj vlekurk dk fojks/k djrs gq, dgk fd lfPpnkuUn dk :i] o.kZu] tkfr ugha gksrh rks vkil esa vlekurk D;ksaA

**vFkkZr :Ik oj.k tkdsa ukgha] lgtks jax u nsgA ekrk firk okads ugha] tkfr ikafr ugha xsgAA**

lgtksckbZ ds vuqlkj gj euq’; esa leku ijekRek dk leku va”k fo/keku gSA mUgkasus vehjksa xjhcksa ds Hksn dks Hkh [kqys :Ik esaa fojks/k fd;k vkSj mudk ekuuk Fkk fd Hkxoku ds ;gk¡ jktk jad leku gSA mlds ;gk¡ xjhc o vehj es dksbZ vUrj ugha gksrk lHkh ds fy, Hkxoku iznÙk tUe ej.k Hkh ,d leku gksrk gSA

 

dS xjhch flj Vksdjh] ds flj /kRrj gks;A

tUe ej.k esa ,d jke] lgtks /kksfr u nks;A

 

mudk ekuuk Fkk fd lekt ds yksx lk/kuk ekxZ dks viukdj o uSfrd vkpj.k esa lq/kkjdj] lR; vlR; ds Hksn dks tkudkj lkekftd cqjkb;ksa ij fot; izkIr dj ldrs gSA lgtksckbZ dh lkekftd fopkj /kkjk nk”kZfud iwVrk fy, gq, gSA mUgkasus lR; vlR; ds Hksn dks lekt ls tksMrs gq, dgk fd lekftd cqjkbZ;ksa dk ,d cM+k dkj.k lkekftd O;fDr dks lR; vlR; dh igpku ugha gksuk gSA blfy, lekt ds fy, ;g t:jh gS fd bl lalkj esa euq’; lPps Kku dks tkus o vlR; dks igpkus vFkkZr euq’; dks ukjh dks efUnj o lUrku dks /ku ugha le>uk pkfg, vkSj u blds fy, ?ke.M djuk pkfg, D;ksafd ;s lc lEcU/k >wBs gksrs gS vkSj bu >wBs lEcU/kksa ds dkj.k gh euq’;tu lekt ds HkkSfrd vkd’kZ.k esa iMdj lkekftd nks’kksaa dks tUe nsrs gSA lgtksckbZ ds vuqlkj &

 

;g efUnj ;g ukfj gS] ;g /ku ;g lUrkuA

rsjks u lgtks dgS] dkgs djfr xqekuAA

>wBk ukr txr dk] >wBk gS ?kj oklA

;g tx >wBk ns[kdj] lgtks HkbZ mnklAA 16

 

mudk ekuuk Fkk fd lekftd nks’kksa dk fuokj.k ftl rjg lR; dks tkudj fd;k tk ldrk gS mlh rjg vfo/kk] Hkze] ek;k ds ;FkkFkZ :Ik dks tkudj Hkh fd;k tk ldrk gSA mUgksaus dgk fd euq’; dks ek;k ds ;FkkFkZ:Ik dks tkudj bl n`”; txr ds okLrfod :Ik dks tkuuk pkfg, rFkk thou o txr ds okLrfod :Ik dks tkuuk gh vkRecks/k dk lwpd gS bl vkRecks/k ds }kjk u flQZ euq’; ds nks’k nwj gksxsa cfYd blls lekt ds nks’k Hkh nwj gksxsa D;kasfd euq’; ek;k vkSj vfo/kk ds dkj.k txr ds izse esa [kks;k jgrk gS o lnk lius cqurk jgrk gS og blh vlR; dks lR; ¼lq[k½ ekudj lq[k izkfIr dk iz;kl djrk gS o lq[k dh izkfIr gksus ds ckn bldh c<ksrjh ds fy, fujUrj iz;kl djrk gS] o bUgha iz;klksa ls og lkekftd cqjkbZ;ksa dks tUe nsrk gSA 17 lgtksckbZ us lgt izdk”k esa ekuo dk;k o lkekftd lEcU/kksa dh ;FkkZFkrk dks lekt dks crkrs gq, dgk fd ckyd ds iSnk gksrs gh vusd lkekftd o ikfjokfjd lEcU/k curs gS vkSj euq’; vKkurk ds dkj.k bu lEcU/kksa dks LFkk;h le>dj vfHkeku djrk gS o blh dks lq[k eku ysrk gSA bu lEcU/kksa ds lq[k ds fy, og xyr dk;Z djrk gS tcfd mls dk;k ds ;FkkFkZ dks tkudj gh dk;Z djus pkfg, mls le>uk pkfg, fd ekuodk;k dk ;FkkFkZ ikap rRo o iPphl izd`fr;ksa dk la?kkr gSA vxj og ,slk tku tkrk gS ds lekt ds xyr dk;Z djuk vius vki NksM nsrk gSA18 vkxs lgtksckbZ us ekuo dk;k ds ;FkkFkZ dks crkrs gq, dgk

 

txr rjS;k HkkSjk dh lgtks Bgjr ukghaA tSls eksrh vksl dk ikuh vkiqyh xkgk

/kqvk¡ dk lkx< cuk] eu esa jk[k latksxA lkabZ ekbZ lgft;k] dcgw¡] lk¡p u gks;A

,sls gh tx >wB gS vkre dks fFkjtkuA lgtks dky Hkjok lds] ,slk :Ik fiNkuA

 

vFkkZr ftl dk;k lq[k ds fy, vki lekftd nks’kksa dks tUe ns jgs gS ;FkkFkZ esa mls o`)koLFkk esa vusd dfBukbZ >syuh gS vkSj bl dfBukbZ ds le; esa firk] iq=] ikS=] lxs lEcU/kh dksbZ lkFk ugha nsrs gSA blfy, ;g ekudj pyks fd lkekftd lEcU/k] dk;k cU/ku ds dkjd gS D;ksafd buesa iM dj gh eksg o”k euq’; lR; ds y{; ls HkVddj vlR;rk dh vkSj tkrk gS] Hkkjh d’V mBkdj lkekftd izfrdkjksa dks tUe nsrk gSA19 blfy, txr dks vfuR; o vkRek dks lR; ekudj bldks igpku dj lekt esa lEcU/k o dk;Z djks ftlls lkekftd izfrdkj de gksA20

mUgksusa “kjhj dhs u”ojrk dks lekt ls lEcfU/kr djrs gq, dgk fd euq’; “kjhj u”oj gS ysfdu “kkfjfjd lq[k dh pkg eas jaxs gksus ds dkj.k euq’; ?kksj d’V dh ifjNk;k esa jgrk gS og lkjh mez en] eksg] yksHk eas iMdj xyr dke djrk gS o 84 gtkj ;ksfu;ksa dks Hkksxrk gSA vxj og “kjhj dh u”ojrk dks tku ys rks uk] xyr dke djsxk o uk 84 gtkj ;ksfu;ksa ls xqtjsxkA21

mudk ekuuk Fkk fd lekt eas tks vR;kpkj] vukpkj] fo’kerk] oS’kykiu] la?k’kZ vkfn gS blds ihNs euq’; dk vKku gS blfy, vxj bu lHkh nks’kksa dks nwj djuk gS rks Kku dk nhi tykuk gksxk vkSj ftl fnu ,slk gksxk ml fnu lc cqjkbZ;k¡ vius vki lekIr gks tk;sxhA mUgksus Kku dks ifjHkkf’kr djrs gq, dgk fd tx eas rw vk;k gS ogha rq>s tkuk gS rsjs fj”rs] ukrs] dqVqEc lc >wBs gSA dksbZ fdlh ds jksx] nq[k] ejus eas lkFk ugha nsrk gS blfy, gs ekuo bl txr eas nhid dh rjg rw>s cw>uk gh gS ysfdu gs ekuo rw bls igpku fd ;g nhid rw>s fdl fy, feyk gSA ojuk rw nhid ds cw>us ds ckn iNrk,xk**A D;ksfd ;g dky rks fgj.kkdq”k] nq;ksZ/ku] f”k”kqiky] daqHkdj.k] jko.k vkfn cMs&cMs ;ks)kvksa dks [kk x;kA** ;gk¡ lgtksckbZ vius lgt izdk”k ds ek/;e ls ;g Hkh dguk pkgrh gS fd Kku dh lR;rk dks tkus o mlds vuqlkj thou th,s ,slk djus ls vki rks ije vkuUn eks{k dh izkfIr djksxsa gh lkFk gh lekt eas Hkh vusd cqjkbZ;ksa vius vki lekIr gks tk,sxhA22

Lkekt dh vusd cqjkbZ;ksa dk ,d dkj.k mUgksus r`’.kk dks Hkh ekuk Fkk mlds vuqlkj vxj r`’.kk dks R;kx nsrs gks rks dke ] dks/k ] yksHk eksg ek;k dh lekfIr gksrh gS] vge “kkUr gksrk gS] lR;] “khy] n;k] /keZ vkfn xq.k vius vki vkrs gS rFkk ;gh lkekftd cqjkbZ;ksa dh lekfIr dk veks/k “kL= gSA

lgtksckbZ us lekt ds euq’;ksa dh cqjkbZ;ksa nwj djus ds fy, lk/ku dk Hkh mYys[k fd;k muds vuqlkj lekt eas lRlax dk lax gh ijekFkZ gksrk gS ;g fnXHkzkUr lekt o euq’; dks lgh fn”kk funsZ”k nsrk gS rFkk ;g jks”kuh nsus okyk ,slk rhFkZ gksrk gS tks ikj yxkrk gSA 23

 

Lkgtks nq[kHk ikb;s] lr laxr eas <kSjA

lr laxr dh ukp ease u nhts uj ukjA

Vsd cyh nz< O;fDr dh lgtks mrjs tk,A

 

mUgksusa dgk lk/kq ¼lRlax½ }kjk euq’; o lekt dks Kku nsrk gS o “kkjhfjd o ekukfld jksxksa ls eqDr djokrk gSA24

 

Lkk/kq fHkUus iwjh HkbZ tue tue dh vklA

lgtksa ik;ksa Hkxrksa lar laxr eas jkl

 

;g dqfVy euq’; dks gla cuk nsrk gS] eksg dh uhan ls txkdj eqfDr ds eksrh pqxus fl[kk nsrk gS ysfdu ;s lc dk;Z ml lk/kq lRlax ls izkIr fd;s tk ldrs gS ftlus dk;k dks fl) dj fy;k] vkyL;] okn fookn] dqokPp] okpu] yksHk] r`’.kk] vlR;rk] dks thr fy;k gks rFkk thou eas nkau] n;k] {kek] lTturk] “khryrk] /k;Z] ikapks bfUnz;ksa dks o”khdj.k dks viuk fy;k gksA buds vuqlkj ,slk lk/kq lekt eas ,d ,slh Qqyokjh gksrh gS tks cqjkbZ;ksa dks lekIr dj djds “khryrk o lqxU/k nsrk gS o vU/ksjk dks lekIr djs jks”kuh nsrk gSA25

 

Rku dks lkts gh jgsa] fpÙk dks jk[ks gkFkA

Lkgtks eu dks ;ks tgs] pUus u bfUnz; lkFkAA

nhj/k cqf/k ftu dh egk”khy lnk uSuA

Pksrurk fgjn; ols] lgtks “khry uSuAA

Jkx}s’k ls jfgr] oSjkxh funSzUnk

lgtksa bPNk uk jgh] ik;k o`gt dh la?kAA

 

lgtksckbZ us ,d vknf”kZr O;fDr o lekt ds fy, xq: dh egRok xq: dh o izkFkfedrk dks Lohdkjk gSA mUgksaus xq: dks euq’; dks lq/kkjus okyk igyk n”kZd O;fDr ekuk gSA26

mijksDr foospuk ls Li’V gksrk gS fd fnYyh dh ehjkckbZ] pj.knkl th dh fiz; f”k’;k] pj.knkl lEiznk; dh eq[; dMh lgtksckbZ us lgtizdk”k eas tgk¡ /keZ dh fofHkUu /kkjkvksa dks izLQqfVr fd;k ogha rkRdkyhu lekt eas ftleas la?k’kZ] fonzksg] ywVikV] dnkpkj]izfrfgalk] “kks’k.k] vU/kfo”okl] Hkz’Vkpkj] izfrjks/k] lnO;ogkj] vfu’Bk] egRodka{kk] iFkHkz’Vrk O;kfIrr Fkh rFkk lkekftd o ikfjokfjd ewY;ksa ls foghu vU/kfo”okflrk] mRihfMr] vfLFkj o fotfMr Fkh mlesa fofHkUu lkekftd ekU;rkvksa dks LFkkfir djus ds fy, izdk”k] vk”kk] izse ij LFkkfir ;ksx] Kku] deZ o HkfDr ds ekxZ dks voyfEcr fd;kA bUgksaus lgtizdk”k esa viuh ys[kuh ds ek/;e ls ikjLifjd thou ewY;ksa ds izfr iqu% tkxj.k dk lUns”k lquk;k o lkekftd cqjkb;ksa dk fo”ks’k fojks/k djds lq/kkjus dk iz;kl fd;kA lkekftd cqjkbZ;ksa dk ewy dkj.k vKkurk dks ekuk o bldh lekfIr ds fy, lekt esa uSfrd vkpj.k lq/kkjus o lekurk dks viukus okys lk/kq lRlax djus o lcds vUrdj.k esa ijekRek ds va”k dh LohdkjksfDr ij cy fn;k rFkk r`’.kk] vfo/kk] ek;k dks NksMus fy, izsfjr fd;k A buds lgtizdk”k esa lekftd fopkjksa ds dkj.k mUgksaus /kkfeZd /kkjkvksa ds lkFk lkFk lkekftd /kkjkvksa esa Hkh viuh izklafxdrk dk ifjp; fn;kA

 

lUnHkZ

  1. “;ke lqUnj “kqDy & pj.knklh lEiznk; vkSj mldk lkfgR; & i`’B & 246
  2. HkkxZo lekt lHkk dk 51 oka lEesyu t;iqj
  3. /;kus”oj tksxthr & yhyk lkxj & i`- 226
  4. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 19
  5. HkkxZo lekt lHkk dk 51 ok¡ lEesyu t;iqj & ys[k & eqjkjhyky HkkxZo
  6. ,ulkbDyksfifM;k vkWQ fjfytu ,.M ,fFkEl okWY;we & 3 Ik`’B 365
  7. /;kus”oj tksxftr & yhyk lkxj ^ i`- 226
  8. lgtksckbZ lgt izdk”k & i`- 129] 130
  9. lgtksckbZ lgt izdk”k & i`+ & 6&13
  10. 1. ;nqukFk ljdkj & vkSjaxtsc & i`- 339

2. Jh fo’.kqukjk;.k HkkxZo & pj.k dey dh Nkagh& i`- 113

3. Lekfjdk HkkxZo if=dk & 56 osa vf[ky Hkkjrh; HkkxZo lEesyu t;iqj & 1977 & III

  1. 1. f=yksdh ukjk;.k nhf{kr & thou pfj= lUr pj.knkl & i`- 9

2. Jh fo’.kqukjk;.k HkkxZo & pj.k dey dh Nkagh & i`- 88

  1. f=yksdh ukjk;.k nhf{kr & thou pfj= lUr pj.knkl & i`- 11
  2. f=yksdh ukjk;.k nhf{kr & thou pfj= lUr pj.knkl & i`- 7
  3. “;ke lqUnj “kqDy & pj.knklh lEiznk; vkSj mldk lkfgR; & i`- 51
  4. Vh-vkj- J`axkjh & lUr pj.knkl thou vkSj mins”k & i`- 13] 14
  5. Jh fo’.kqukjk;.k HkkxZo & pj.kdey dh Nkagh & i`- 53] 113
  6. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 86
  7. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 13
  8. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 65
  9. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k i`- 66
  10. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k ^& i`- 67
  11. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 85
  12. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 67
  13. lgtksckbZ & lgtizdk”k & i`- 53] 54
Pages : 27-29