Comparison of the use mobile health Edinburg postnatal depression scale (EPDS) and conventional questionnaire on early detection of incidents postpartum blues
Endah Purwanti Handayani, Diyah Fatmasari, Sri Sumarni
Background: Mothers postpartum undergo physical and psychological adaptation changes. One of the psychological disorders is postpartum blues by 80%, and 10% progress to depression postpartum. The reason is that mothers postpartum do not want to tell stories and are ashamed to reveal their psychological conditions and there is a bad stigma in society related to psychological disorders in mothers postpartum. With the development of conventional questionnaire application technology is used mobile health to integrate care services for mothers postpartum in examining maternal psychological well-being.
Objective: Obtain a comparative overview of the use m-Health EPDS and conventional questionnaires as a means of early detection of incidents postpartum blues.
Method: Systematic literature review looks for previous research studies on electronic data bases (MEDLINE, ABI/Inform Complete, Academic Search Complete, ACM Digital Library, Elsevier (SCOPUS), Emerald, IEEE Explore, and ScienceDirect) with research design criteria Randomized Controlled Trial, cross sectional design, and quasi experimental design which was published in 2016-2020 and has been published internationally indexed by Scopus Q1, Q2, Q3 and Q4. Data analysis used the PRISMA protocol with a population of 76 and a sample of 25 articles.
Results: Analysis of data on the use of mobile health EPDS and conventional questionnaires in detecting postpartum blues is more effective in using mobile health. This is evidenced by the value of the effect size which is more on mobile health EPDS and compared to conventional questionnaires. However, mobile health has a weakness, namely it does not have direct empathy for clients and also requires system maintenance. Data from 25 articles from international journals ranked Q1 12 articles, Q2 7 articles, Q3 3 articles, Q4 2 articles with a discussion of the use of mobile health and conventional questionnaires.
Conclusion: Mobile health EPDS has more ability to detect early postpartum blues than conventional questionnaires.