Vol. 5, Issue 1 (2020)
Prevalence of depression among older adults in rural and urban areas
Author(s): Shital Satish Sangale, Mahendra Shende
Abstract: Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) described depression as a major, worldwide cause of disability. Depression, the most common psychiatric disorder among the elderly. Major depression may decrease the ability to habituate to the aversive symptoms of chronic medical illness. Later-life depressive disorders are a major public health problem in primary care settings. The impact of depression on health extends beyond quality of life and functioning outcome Objective: To compare the prevalence of depression among rural and urban geriatric individuals in rural, Vinchur and in urban Nashik city, Dist- NASHIK, India. Method: The study was across-sectional comparative study with 120 participants aged over 60 from rural (Vinchur, Nashik) and urban area (Nashik city), NASHIK were interviewed to screen their depression using geriatric depression scale (GDS) using simple random sampling. Result: Using unpaired‘t’ test there is significant difference in rural and urban areas and rate of depression in males and females is equal. This study revealed that 23.51% rural individuals suffering from depression and 16% urban individuals suffering from depression. Conclusion: It was concluded that prevalence of depression in rural geriatric population is significantly high than the urban population.