International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research

International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research

ISSN: 2455-4588

Vol. 4, Issue 5 (2019)

Differences in the use of problem based learning and discovery learning models of student learning outcomes based on critical thinking ability of students

Author(s): Jeiviani J Aguw, Rudi A Repi, Tommy M Palapa
Abstract: The situation of teachers who have never measured the critical thinking skills of students and teachers who have not applied a model that can influence students' critical thinking skills, resulting in low student learning outcomes in science subjects. This study aims to determine the differences in the Problem Based Learning and Discovery Learning models on student learning outcomes based on students critical thinking abilities. The population in this study were VII grade students of SMP Negeri 1 Tomohon with a sample of 80 people, namely students of class VII B and VII E. Each class was divided into high and low critical thinking groups. The data was taken science learning outcomes data as measured by cognitive test questions that have previously been tested for validity and reliability. Hypothesis testing was done by using a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with treatment by level design. The results of this study indicate (1) there are significant differences in learning outcomes between students taught using the Problem Based Learning model and students taught using the Discovery Learning model (2) there is an interaction effect between the use of learning models and the ability to think critically on student learning outcomes (3) there are significant differences in learning outcomes between students taught using the Problem Based Learning model with high critical thinking skills and students taught using Discovery Learning models with high critical thinking skills (4) there are significant differences in learning outcomes between students taught using the Model Problem Based Learning with low critical thinking skills and students taught using Discovery Learning models with low critical thinking skills.
Pages: 104-109  |  16 Views  8 Downloads
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