Vol. 4, Issue 4 (2019)
Application of shaker technique and swallow exercise towards dysphagia in stroke patients
Author(s): Ade Sucipto, Ta'adi, Sudirman
Abstract: Background: Stroke with dysphagia results from a disruption of the swallowing process that requires several sensory input elements from the peripheral nerves, central nerve coordination and motor responses as well as feedback. Dysphagia experienced by sufferers occurs because of interference with the control of innervation during the process of swallowing. Stroke patients with dysphagia can result in malnutrition, dehydration, airway infections, length of number of days of care and even death. One of the treatments for rehabilitation of patients with dysphagia is swallowing exercises and shakers, where the therapy aims to provide a stimulus or stimulation to the swallowing function receptors in the anterior pharyngeal arch, so that the normal physiology of swallowing will return. Method: The type of research used is True Experiment with a pre-test post-test control group design. This study compiled three groups, namely the intervention group that was given treatment techniques shaker with swallowing exercises, the control group that was given shaker technique therapy without swallowing exercises and the control group who were given swallowing exercise therapy without shaker techniques. Technique Probability sampling with method simple random sampling is used to get 48 respondents were divided into three groups. Results: Statistical test results One Way ANOVA shows a p value 0.000 (<0.05) which means that there is an influence of the application oftechniques shaker and swallowing exercises to increase the status of swallowing stroke patients with dysphagia. Conclusion: The results of the study after being given nursing action resulted in an increase in swallowing status in patients who received therapy for the application of techniques shaker and swallowing exercises, so that these complementary therapies were effectively implemented for patients who experienced swallowing disorders especially in stroke patients with dysphagia.