Vol. 4, Issue 4 (2019)
The effect progressive muscle of relaxation and micromineral intake (chromium and selenium) on fasting blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus
Author(s): Dwi Oktasari, Suharyo Hadisaputro, Sudirman
Abstract: Background: Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder, which is characterized by an increase in blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia) due to relative or absolute deficiency of insulin levels and also due to insulin resistance. The prevalence of diabetes mellitus continues to increase every year which results in an increase in morbidity and mortality. Control of diabetes mellitus is very necessary to prevent complications. Complementary therapies in the form of progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and micromineral intake can be given in controlling blood sugar levels. Methods: The type of research used is Quasy Experimental with a research pre-test - post test control group design. This study compiled four groups, namely three groups given treatment and a control group without treatment. Technique non probability sampling with purposive sampling method was used to get 56 respondents divided into 4 groups. Results: Test results Repeated Measure Anova show values p value 0.001, which means that there are differences in blood sugar levels in each group on day 1, day 8 and day 15. Conclusion: The results of the study after complementary therapy decreased fasting blood sugar levels in patients who received progressive muscle relaxation and micro mineral intake (chromium and selenium), so that these complementary therapies are effectively implemented for patients who have increased blood sugar levels, especially those with type 2 diabetes mellitus.