Vol. 2, Issue 3 (2017)
Septic tank waste to bio-energy: Full stop to energy crisis, water pollution and waste management
Author(s): Dr. Baiju K Nath
Abstract: India, as a developing country of fast growing population with an increasing rate of urbanization faces threefold crisis of shortage of energy, high rate of pollution, and abundance of waste. Though, technologies are available, high cost of production and maintenance, made solar energy less attractive to people in India. All major rivers and water bodies in India are heavily polluted, mainly by fecal waste. This considerably reduces the availability of drinking water. There are a few massive projects in initiation to clean those rivers and water bodies. But such efforts may be successful only when, we could ensure all people in our nation use toilets. There should not be simple toilets, as we have experience in our daily life, but technologically designed and planned in a statewide manner. There should not be separate septic tank for each house or building, but a centralized processing unit should be constructed and bio-gas can be produced with minimal amount of cost. The fuel thus generated can be used for domestic as well as auto fuels. Decentralized planning and execution of the project for each locality in our country will be an effective alternative to solve severe scarcity of energy that we are going to face in near future, by minimum expenditure.