International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research


ISSN: 2455-4588

Vol. 2, Issue 3 (2017)

Health and nutritional status of urban slum and rural female farm labours

Author(s): Dr. Varsha S Zanvar, Aruna R Kharwade
Abstract: A cross sectional study was conducted to assess the health status of 500 female farm labours of Parbhani district of Marathawada region of Maharashtra state. The study revealed that majority of female farm labours were from nuclear families in urban slums (76.8 per cent) and in rural (67.2 per cent). More per cent of rural families (79.2 per cent) were vegetarian whereas urban slums (69.2 per cent) were non-vegetarian. Maximum numbers of farm women were belonging to income group Rs. 6001-10, 000/- per month. The mean food intake of cereals, pulses, green leafy vegetables, roots and tubers, other vegetables, fruits, nuts and oil seeds, milk and milk products, fats and oils, sugars and jaggary and meat and meat products was ranged between 275.38 ± 37.97 to 309.36 ± 52.28gm, 32.08 ± 17.88 to 50.39 ± 19.36gm, 18.37 ± 15.66 to 24.69 ± 16.36gm, 37.76 ± 26.57 to 45.19 ± 32.90gm, 29.92 ± 16.92 to 33.44 ± 20.02gm, 17.62 ± 19.15 to 21.30 ± 23.39gm, 8.28 ± 4.28 to 13.09 ± 6.48gm, 89.43 ± 23.99 to 103.19 ± 31.62 ml, 17.81± 8.33 to 21.48 ± 7.92 ml, 36.33 ± 13.67 to 43.72 ± 19.76gm and 2.68 ±10.00 to 23.25 ± 25.16gm respectively. Whereas mean intake of different nutrients were energy (1747.52± 205.59 to 1812.39± 231.93kcal), protein (50.08 ±7.59 to 56.69 ±9.82gm), fat (32.69 ±8.60 to 35.13 ±8.17gm), calcium (418.16 ±64.04 to 475.27 ±99.25mg), iron (14.19 ± 2.88 to 16.64 ±3.91mg), vit. C (36.57 ± 19.67 to 42.05 ±24.21mg), and β-carotene (1298.57 ±695.73 to 1761.60 ±1108.63µg) respectively. Near about 75 to 80 percent surveyed respondents were suffered with one or other grade of anaemia.
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