A situational study of child labour in Chittoor District of Andhra Pradesh
K Swarna Latha, RK Anuradha
Child labour is the practice of having children engage in economic activity on part or full time basis. Child labour jeopardizes children’ rights and prevents children from getting an education, learning skills. The government of India introduced various programmes like mid- day meal programme, free and compulsory education provision of books and uniforms etc. to reduce school dropouts which reduce the child labour. The present paper focuses on Situational study of child labour in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh to examine the problem of Child labour. The study examines the relationship between child labour, child schooling and educational aspirations of parents. The present study sought to examine the socio-economic profile of child labour in Chittoor district of Andhra Pradesh. Data was collected from child labour in ten villages of G.D Nellore Mandal of Chittoor district. Small Land holdings in agricultural areas and caste system in rural areas is the main reason for child labour. Poverty, Illiteracy, unemployment, lack of good schools and growth of informal economy are major causes of child labour in India. The results revealed that majority (58%) of the respondents were engaged in Agriculture. Nearly (73%) of the respondents were wage-paid workers and semi-skilled. The data concluded that Poverty is the main cause of sending their children to work. The Policy initiatives taken by Government of India through various programmes, NGO’s and major National Legislations had a great impact on the situation of child labour and for the protection of child rights and elimination of child labour in India.